The word exercise originated from the 'ex' meaning out and the word 'erc' derived from the
'arcere' meaning to lock. Thus excersie means to unlock are to free a part to move. The origin of exercise
as a therapeutic measures dates back to the pre-historic period. The earlier wiriting on therapeutic
exercise using various postures and movements of the body is traced back to about thousands years before
christ in Cong Fou of ancient china (Mac Aliffe, 1904). The fourth volume ofAtherva veda of ancient
called as Ayurveda recommended remedial exercise and massage about Eight hundered years before chirst
(Guthrie, 1945). In ancient Greeze, interestingly enough, there excited a classes of gymnostics, besides
philosophers and priest-physisians who practised medicines. They also studied the effects of diet and
exercises (litter, 1839 - 1861).
Physical therapy (physiotherapy in many English speaking countries) is a health care
profession which provides services to individuals in order to develop, maintain and restore maximum
movement and functional ability throughout life. This includes providing services in circumstances where
movement and function are threatened by aging, injury, disease or environmental factors.
Physiotherapy which is the care and services provided by or under the direction and supervision of a physical therapist includes,
1. Examining ( History, systems review and tests & measures ) individuals with impairments, functional limitations and disability or other health related conditions to determine a diagnosis, prognosis and interventions, and test & measures.
2. Alleviating impairments and functional limitations by designing, implementing and modifying therapeutic interventions.
3. Preventing injury, impairments, functional limitations and disability.
4. Engaging in consultation, education and research.
Physiotherapy is the treatment of diseases or it's after effects by means of various physical modalities like remedial exercises, thermo therapy, cryo therpy and various modes of electric currents, hydro therapy, wax therapy etc.,
The Basic aim of physiotherapy is to provide maximum possible physical independence within the limits of the disease and disability.
Of all the modalities at hand, exercise forms the basis of physiotherapy for the relief of symptoms and to improve functions of the body or it's functioning capacity.
Application of Therapeutic Exercise Techniques to regions
of the body:
- Treating soft tissues, bony and post surgical problems
- The shoulder and shoulder girdle
- The elbow and forearm complex
- The wrist and hand
- The hip
- The Knee
- The ankle and foot
- The spine :- Acute problems
- The spine:- Sub acute, chronic and postural problems
Special Areas of Therapeutic Exercise :
Exercise for the obstetric patients
- Management of Vascular disorders of the extremities
- Chest physical therapy
- Management of obstructive and restrictive pulmonary conditions